Size of warehouse
The size of the warehouse will dictate the height, width and depth of all pallet racking. Designers can plan layouts to make the most of the available space, optimising aisle space and warehouse height.
Access and egress
The regularity with which items need to be accessed will play a large role in the design of pallet racking. Products that are infrequently accessed can be stored at great height, or double deep.
Items that need to be accessed regularly and by multiple people will need a design developed for ease of access. Aisles need to be wider, to allow for people passing one another. There will be more cross aisles, to save time when accessing product. Items may need to be reached without Material Handling Equipment, which would affect the height that items can be stored at. Whether items will be removed by the pallet or individually from a single pallet will also have a bearing on the design process.
The pallet racking designer will need to consider additional access issues, such as whether the racking requires walking space all the way around for maintenance or pest control.
The placement of exits will also be a factor, to ensure that pallet racks do not block emergency escape routes for personnel in the event of an incident.
The cost of the various options will usually need to be considered. While some companies simply want the most efficient design available, most companies will have a budget. Designers can suggest several different options that are within the required budget, allowing clients to choose the optimum layout, at the price point that is best for them.