Warehouse Racking Systems

Pallet Racking

Give your operation its strength of character with a space saving pallet racking solution uniquely designed to match your specific needs. The easy way to save space whilst storing high volumes of palletised goods, pallet racking is fundamental to a streamlined operation with reduced running costs and heightened productivity.

With the right pallet racking solution you can reduce the risk of damage to stock, maintain flexibility when storing a variety of products, manage stock control and rotate stock as required, but that’s not all. Using a bespoke pallet racking solution created by WSL your storage facility can be maximised to its full potential with design which will utilise all available floor and height space. 

Warehouse pallet racking system

What Is Pallet Racking?


Pallet racking is an independent structure designed to facilitate the storage and handling of palletised goods within a warehouse and is available in a number of different formats to suit different warehouse operations. A bespoke solution using the pallet racking system most suited to your operation is essential to meeting your unique requirements and making significant improvements to your business. Pallet racking comes in a variety of formats, choosing the right system for your storage space is essential and depends upon the items you’re storing and your commercial objectives. Selecting a bespoke solution that meets your unique requirements is essential in making significant improvements to your business.

There are many benefits to using a racking system by WSL. By utilising valuable floor space, building height and volume your storage facility can be maximised to its full potential. By choosing the right racking system for your requirements you can reduce the risk of damage to stock, maintain flexibility when storing a variety of products, manage stock control and rotate stock as required.

How is pallet racking structured?


Pallet racking is structured using a number of component parts, some of which are essential and others are optional whilst some pallet racking systems have component parts that others don’t.  The parts are carefully laid out before being assembled by a team of installers who use lifting equipment to help bring the parts together. Pallet racking component parts include:

Frames – Each frame is formed through the assembly of two steel uprights with horizontal and diagonal bracing welded between the uprights.  The frames stand vertically between each bay on base plates that are fitted to ensure adequate weight support.

Beams – These steel bars are positioned horizontally between the frames and are fitted to the upright elements using connecting pins designed to secure the beam into place. With a beam fitted to the front of the bay and another to the back, pallet shelves are formed and these support the pallets once placed.

Upright Protectors – Providing a sturdy shield around the bottom of the uprights, these robust guards take the impact of any collisions from moving handling equipment rather than the structure itself.

Decking – Between the beams is a gap which is perfectly fine when storing standard pallets, however decking can be fitted to cover the gap to prevent smaller pallets or loads from falling through. The material used to create decking include timber, steel wire mesh, steel panels and chipboard therefore choosing the right decking type will depend on the items being stored.

Mesh pallet racking protection – Steel or roped mesh fitted to the back of a pallet racking structure is used to increase safety within the warehouse as it prevents any loose items from falling and causing injury or damage.

Pallet stop – Fitted to the rear of the racking a pallet stop will ensure pallets cannot fall from the back of the system if accidentally pushed. 

Fork lift truck guide rails – These are used to increase safety when using certain pallet racking systems. When using a drive-in drive through racking system for example the rails are fitted to the outer edge of the lanes to prevent collision as the fork lift truck navigates the structure. Wired guide rails are often used on narrow aisle racking where they are fitted centrally and uses radio transmission to guide the narrow specialist fork lift truck between the rows.

Pallet support rails – Required on drive-in drive-through racking systems, these are used instead of beams to support pallets and enable fork lift trucks to enter the lane without obstruction. The rails run along the length of the lanes and are fitted to the uprights using brackets.

Rollers – Works alongside gravity to transport pallets through the long lanes of the tilted pallet live and push back racking structures.

Shuttle rails – Fitted to the length of the lane to transport a shuttle on which a pallet sits as it’s moved within the lane on a shuttle racking system

Types Of Pallet Racking

There are 8 main types of Pallet Racking in use within the UK for the storage of palletised goods.

When it comes to pallet racking, one type does not suit all. Every warehouse has its own unique traits in terms of size, operations, inventory type, flow and speed and all of these can be fully supported with the right pallet racking system. Storing pallets securely is just one of the essential roles of pallet racking because it can also utilise all available space; even up to the ceiling, rotate stock automatically increase speed, streamline the picking process, improve overall productivity and save you time and money.

Drive-in or Drive-through Racking – Waste no space with a Drive-in or Drive-through pallet racking system both of which provide high density storage and can utilise up to 85% of your cubic area. They bring an economic advantage to cold store environments looking to reduce energy consumption because the racks are purposely configured to provide high compact storage.  Drive-in operates using the First-in Last-out (FILO) method and requires only one working aisle for loading and picking. Drive-through has two working aisles running parallel on the edge of the structure where loading and picking is carried out separately.  Drive-through is ideal for perishable goods because it works on a first-in first-out (FIFO) basis, rotating stock automatically.

Wide Aisle Racking – Also referred to as adjustable pallet racking (APR) this is a highly versatile cost effective system which can be configured to suit your space and operational needs. It will adapt easily at any time to accommodate changes and gives you direct access and requires no specialist handling equipment.

Wide aisle pallet racking

Pallet Live Racking – Often known as flow racking, pallet live is highly compact and consists of deep running racks and only two aisles at either side. The slightly inclined rollers running the length of the lanes allow use of gravity to transport the pallets once loaded to the picking face at the opposite end. The system uses the FIFO so if you’re looking for a system which will provide automatic stock rotation, speed and maximum use of space, this is an ideal solution.

Push Back Racking – A deep storage system consisting of long running lanes similar to that of pallet live racking, however push back racking requires only one service aisle from which pallets are both loaded and retrieved. The push back system uses the FILO (First-in Last-out) flow method so if stock rotation is not a primary focus, but space utilisation and speed is then this could be ideal for your facility

Mobile Racking – Use 90% of your floor space for storage with mobile racking which is highly compact and can work on either of the FIFO or FILO methods. Here there is no fixed aisle as the racks sit on a mobile base and access is needed the aisle can be created at the right location by opening the racks either manually or through a powered control.  Only one aisle space can be opened at one time so this system would suite low turnover items which require safe storage until picked.

Narrow Aisle Racking  or Very Narrow Aisle Racking (VNA) Where floor space is limited, but there’s plenty of headroom, narrow aisle racking can transform your warehouse by making the most of your cubic space. By installing taller racking and drastically reducing your aisle width you can gain maximisation of both floor and height space and increase storage capacity by utilising the cubic area of your facility. Specialist trucks will be required to navigate the narrow aisle and reach the high racks however, it’s a lucrative investment against long term efficiency and savings gained by stacking high.

Double Deep Racking – The structure itself is no different to wide aisle racking only the racks are positioned back to back. You can double your racks and still gain access from the same aisle and because this is a standard pallet racking system with no additional components it’s a low cost solution

Shuttle Racking – Transport your pallets deep into a compact system along rails using a radio controlled shuttle on which individual pallets are loaded. The system can use both the FILO and FIFO method and can be switched to change methods easily.

The Installation Process

WSL employ an outstanding team of racking installers who will work closely with you to make the installation as smooth as possible. We are experienced at working to tight deadlines, and can even work through the night where necessary, so usual operations can continue in the day. As a full member of the UK Storage Equipment Manufacturer Association (SEMA), we not only comply with all industry standards for pallet racking installation but are also involved in setting the standards. With an impeccable safety record and a name for quality, with WSL you can be sure that installation will be as efficient and secure as possible.

New Or Used Pallet Racking?


If you are planning to expand or relocate your storage facility, you will need to think about whether to install new or used racking. There are a few considerations that will help you to make the best decision for you and your company – these include:

  • Expense
  • Interim storage
  • Efficiency
  • Safety

For more information, read our article Pallet Racking – Choosing used or new

Pallet racking system in new warehouse

The Cost Of Pallet Racking

Every racking project is unique and therefore it is not possible to provide accurate forecasts for costings. However, we have provided a guide to pallet racking costing which includes details on the process that our team works through with each and every client, from initial contact, free site surveys, free drawings & plans through to installation. In the guide we also provide some broad prices for various types of pallet racking that are presented in light of a number of assumptions. If cost is a concern that is delaying your decision to look into new pallet racking solutions, it may be reassuring to know that the WSL design team will always work within your budget. Using their wealth of knowledge and expertise our Design Technicians will arrive at a solution that meets your needs, improves your operation and doesn’t exceed your budget.

Pallet Racking by WSL

WSL offer all types of pallet racking and by using our extensive knowledge and experience we can turn the right pallet racking system into an ideal solution. For large scale projects requiring multiple solutions we offer a turnkey service. As well as the design and implementation of your storage systems, we cover additional needs such as lighting, heating, air-conditioning and sprinkler systems so your time can be spent focussing on other things

The benefits

Why Choose Pallet Racking?

When you have the right pallet rack system for your storage facility, it will allow your warehouse space to be optimised, allowing you to store the most pallets possible.


A bespoke racking system can maximise the number of pallets you can store.


You can use the full height of your warehouse to avoid wasted space


Designers can calculate the best layout to make the most of the floor space you have available – Read More


There are options for fewer aisles, depending on what you are storing and how often you need to access it.


Use a combination of different racking systems to optimise your space.

Why choose wsl?

What Sets Us Apart

Our dedicated and experienced team will take time to understand your goals and asses your needs. Our extensive market knowledge and practical experience enables us to design and develop a bespoke system that is as unique as your business. Here at WSL we aim to maximise your available space and increase productivity through creating innovative and ‘outside the box’ solutions. Our commitment to excellence, our portfolio and our recommendations provide our customers with confidence in our ability to deliver solutions that are not only superior, but very cost-effective. Our in-house services simplify the process from design to installation by giving you just one port of call. By continuing to remain independent across the whole market we commit to providing our valued customers with the highest quality and – wherever possible – British products, all at competitive prices. We aim to fit our pallet rack systems with as little inconvenience to our clients as possible, using highly experienced fitters overseen by qualified project managers.

Our Accreditations

client stories

Some Case Studies

Our warehouse Racking experience is extensive. Take a look at a very small selection of some of the pallet racking projects we have completed over the years.

Trusted by all

Just Some Of Our Clients

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Our service is completely client-centric. We provide all manufacturer types, as well as fitters, engineers and inspectors; which means that not only can we deliver your entire project from start to finish, but that we can provide a fully bespoke solution for your individual needs. Get in touch to find out more.

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