Pallet racking is structured using a number of component parts, some of which are essential and others are optional whilst some pallet racking systems have component parts that others don’t. The parts are carefully laid out before being assembled by a team of installers who use lifting equipment to help bring the parts together. Pallet racking component parts include:
Frames – Each frame is formed through the assembly of two steel uprights with horizontal and diagonal bracing welded between the uprights. The frames stand vertically between each bay on base plates that are fitted to ensure adequate weight support.
Beams – These steel bars are positioned horizontally between the frames and are fitted to the upright elements using connecting pins designed to secure the beam into place. With a beam fitted to the front of the bay and another to the back, pallet shelves are formed and these support the pallets once placed.
Upright Protectors – Providing a sturdy shield around the bottom of the uprights, these robust guards take the impact of any collisions from moving handling equipment rather than the structure itself.
Decking – Between the beams is a gap which is perfectly fine when storing standard pallets, however decking can be fitted to cover the gap to prevent smaller pallets or loads from falling through. The material used to create decking include timber, steel wire mesh, steel panels and chipboard therefore choosing the right decking type will depend on the items being stored.
Mesh pallet racking protection – Steel or roped mesh fitted to the back of a pallet racking structure is used to increase safety within the warehouse as it prevents any loose items from falling and causing injury or damage.
Pallet stop – Fitted to the rear of the racking a pallet stop will ensure pallets cannot fall from the back of the system if accidentally pushed.
Fork lift truck guide rails – These are used to increase safety when using certain pallet racking systems. When using a drive-in drive through racking system for example the rails are fitted to the outer edge of the lanes to prevent collision as the fork lift truck navigates the structure. Wired guide rails are often used on narrow aisle racking where they are fitted centrally and uses radio transmission to guide the narrow specialist fork lift truck between the rows.
Pallet support rails – Required on drive-in drive-through racking systems, these are used instead of beams to support pallets and enable fork lift trucks to enter the lane without obstruction. The rails run along the length of the lanes and are fitted to the uprights using brackets.
Rollers – Works alongside gravity to transport pallets through the long lanes of the tilted pallet live and push back racking structures.
Shuttle rails – Fitted to the length of the lane to transport a shuttle on which a pallet sits as it’s moved within the lane on a shuttle racking system